Lowering the Risk of Ovarian Cancer: Preventive Measures

Ovarian Cancer Healthhyme

Ovarian cancer is a formidable disease with no foolproof prevention methods available. However, research has identified certain factors associated with a lower chance of developing ovarian cancer. While these measures cannot guarantee complete prevention, they may help reduce the risk.

By understanding and adopting these practices, women can take proactive steps towards promoting their overall health and potentially lowering their likelihood of ovarian cancer.

1. Birth Control Pills:
Long-term use of birth control pills (oral contraceptives) has been linked to a decreased risk of ovarian cancer. Studies suggest that using birth control pills for more than five years can offer protective effects. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional to discuss the potential benefits and risks based on individual health history and circumstances.

2. Tubal Ligation, Oophorectomy, and Hysterectomy:
Certain surgical procedures have been associated with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer. Tubal ligation, commonly known as “getting your tubes tied,” involves blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes, which can prevent the passage of eggs from the ovaries.

Additionally, removing both ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy) or undergoing a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) can significantly lower the risk of developing ovarian cancer.

These surgical interventions are often considered in cases of specific medical conditions or as part of family planning decisions. It’s crucial to discuss the potential benefits, risks, and long-term implications with a healthcare provider.

3. Pregnancy and Childbirth:
Women who have given birth to one or more children may have a reduced risk of ovarian cancer compared to those who have not. The protective effect of pregnancy on ovarian cancer risk may be attributed to the hormonal changes and natural shedding of the ovarian surface epithelium during childbirth.

However, it’s important to note that the decision to have children should be based on personal circumstances and desires, and should not solely be driven by the aim of reducing ovarian cancer risk.

4. Breastfeeding:
Some studies suggest that breastfeeding may offer a modestly reduced risk of ovarian cancer. Breastfeeding provides hormonal changes that could have a protective effect on the ovaries.

While the evidence is not definitive, breastfeeding for a year or more may be beneficial. It’s important to note that breastfeeding decisions should be made based on individual considerations and in consultation with a healthcare professional.


Although there is no guaranteed way to prevent ovarian cancer, there are certain measures that have been associated with a lower risk. Utilizing long-term birth control methods, considering appropriate surgical procedures, such as tubal ligation or oophorectomy, and experiencing pregnancy and childbirth have all been linked to a reduced likelihood of ovarian cancer.

Additionally, breastfeeding for a year or more may provide a modestly decreased risk. However, it’s crucial to remember that these measures should be considered in the context of individual health history, personal choices, and in consultation with healthcare professionals.

Regular check-ups and discussions with healthcare providers are vital for comprehensive healthcare and early detection of any potential health concerns.

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