This article contains all the necessary facts you wish to grasp and understand concerning the new coronavirus i.e. COVID-19 that surfaced recently. The diagnosing of this virus infection is created through the analysis of symptoms, being established by the WHO (World Health Organization) that the diagnosis relies on clinical and medical specialty parameters.
In regard to the former, an individual should have a fever and another respiratory disorder symptom, and at any rate, one amongst the epidemiological parameters that have traveled to the places wherever coronavirus cases are identified.
The diagnosis should even be supported the results of the medical science and molecular tests, that aim to spot the presence of antigens and antibodies against the virus, the sort of virus and its amount within the Coronavirus transmission can occur through contact with infected animals, from person-to-person contact through the inhalation of little drops discharged into the air once coughing or instinctive reflex (which contain the virus) or through the feculent oral, since SARS-COV also can be excreted in feces.
There isn’t any specific treatment for coronavirus infection, being solely collateral measures, like hydration, rest and delicate and balanced feeding.
Coronavirus is the name given to viruses from the coronavirus family. In humans, the unhealthful germ will cause easy diseases just like the common cold, however, it can even be accountable for serious epidemics, as has been the case since the top of 2019 with the coronavirus from China.
How the transmission occurs
Coronavirus transmission occurs very easily and can be transmitted through contact with animals or people infected by the virus. In the case of transmission between people, infection by the virus can occur through the inhalation of drops of saliva and respiratory secretions that are present in the air when the person infected by the virus speaks, coughs or In the case of the new type of circulating coronavirus in 2019-nCoV, several cases of infected people have been confirmed, so the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a state of international emergency and must take new measures to avoid spreading the virus Also, transmission can occur even if the person has no symptoms, that is, during the incubation period, which corresponds to the period in which the virus multiplies in the body
How to prevent the spread of coronavirus
- To prevent coronavirus infection, it is recommended to take protective measures to prevent the spread of the virus, such as:
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, mainly after coming into contact with people who suffer from the virus or suspect it;
- Avoid closed environments and with many people, in these environments, the virus can spread more easily and reach a greater number of people;
- Wear personal protective masks to cover the nose and mouth In regions with a higher risk of infection and for health professionals who care for people with suspected coronavirus, the use of N95 mask is recommended;
- Avoid contact with wild animals or that appear to be sick since transmission can occur between animals and people;
- Avoid sharing personal items that may contain drops of saliva.
The novel coronavirus is extremely similar in symptomatology to different infectious agent metastasis infections. Cases vary from delicate forms to severe ones which will cause serious medical conditions or maybe death.
The tell-tale symptoms of the novel coronavirus are:
- Shortness of breath
- •Sore throat
Right now, it’s believed that symptoms may seem in two to fourteen days because the period for the novel coronavirus has not however been confirmed. There has been speculation regarding the virus spreading whereas the carrier (infected person) isn’t showing any symptoms, however that has not been confirmed as a scientific fact. Out of all the cases that are confirmed, up to 20% have been deemed to be severe.
Complications which will arise as a results of being infected are pneumonia, infection (a grave immune chain reaction triggered by the infection), septic shock (low vital sign and abnormal cellular changes caused by sepsis), and acute metastasis distress syndrome (a severe respiratory organ condition characterized by fluid accumulation within the air sacs of Due to the severity of the symptoms, a patient could need mechanical ventilation (aided breathing) until the infection is cleared. In a number of instances (about 2% of the cases), the novel coronavirus diode to the end of the patient.
The infection with the novel coronavirus via a special laboratory test. It needs samples akin to swabs from the throat or fluid from the lungs, and also the testing is often tired public health laboratories. The method is named PCR testing, and it takes from twenty-four to forty-eight hours to urge a definitive result.
Health care professionals have multiple ways that within which they will help patients. First of all, early designation helps stop the unfold of the disease, creating the community a safer place for everyone. Secondly, there are supporting care choices that appear to try to wonders with novel coronavirus sufferers. Supporting care refers to suggests that treating the symptoms of the patient to assist his/her organism defends the infection.
What to try to to if you have got Symptoms?
As already mentioned, having symptoms isn’t enough to begin worrying regarding a possible coronavirus infection. But, if you think exposure to sick folks or areas of contamination, then you’re eligible for testing. Call your health care supplier straightaway and tell them about your symptoms, recent travels, and suspicions. It is vital to decision beforehand, to let your doctor grasp that you simply may need a extremely contagious disease. This permits your health provider to follow correct protocols to shield others and forestall the unfold of the virus.
Once you get to your doctor’s office, you’ll be asked a handful of inquiries to assess if you meet the checking criteria.
If you get the coronavirus, here are a couple of advice to minimize the risk of infecting others:
- Don’t leave your house unless you are in need of medical care. If you do have to go to the hospital or your doctor’s office, don’t use taxis, Uber, or any other type of public transportation.
- Always call beforehand if you need medical care.
- Avoid any public areas such as schools, your workplace, restaurants, etc.
- Wear a face mask whenever you need to be around other people (at home or when visiting your healthcare provider). For some extra precaution, have your family members wear a face mask when they are around you.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or your sleeve. Be sure to throw the used tissue in a closed bin, and to wash your hands afterward with soap and water. Avoid sneezing or coughing directly in your hands.
- Maintain proper hygiene by frequently disinfecting your hands and by avoiding touching your face.
- Try to isolate yourself from family members that live in the washing and same house as you. Maintain a safe distance of about 6 feet when interacting with them and use a different bathroom if possible.
- Don’t share household items with other people in your home. This includes dishes, eating utensils, cups, drinking glasses, towels, beddings, clothes, self- care items. Wash everything you use with soap and water or disinfect them if possible. Also, keep an eye on your phone or smart devices, especially if you have kids that have the habit of borrowing them.
- Avoid contact with your family pets or other animals. As of now, there has been no recorded case of the novel coronavirus infecting a cat or dog, but there are coronaviruses that can cause illness in animals. So, it’s better to be on the safe side. Wear a facemask if you are around a pet or if you care for a family pet, at least until it is scientifically proven that humans can’t pass on the virus to cats and dogs.
- Keep an eye on your symptoms. The novel coronavirus can cause serious health conditions, so it’s important to monitor your situation and ring the alarm if anything feels odd. If your symptoms suddenly get worse (increased breathing issues, strong fever, or anything unusual), call your healthcare provider and let them know your situation .
If a child, senior person, or someone with a compromised immune system gets the novel coronavirus, they might require special care and medical observation even if the symptoms are If you are taking care of a child patient, try to follow along with him/her the list of recommendations presented above.
Use the following list to get familiar with terms often used in coverage of the novel coronavirus i.e. COVID-19:
– The peak
– Showing no evidence of disease/illness
- Community Spread
– Spread of a disease where the infection source is unknown
– A family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases
– name of the disease caused by the novel coronavirus
- Flatten the curve
– The curve represents the number of cases over time. Flattening that curve means preventing a surge of new cases in a very short period
- Immuno compromised
– Having an impaired or compromised immune response
– A disease prevalent throughout an entire country, continent, or the whole world. A pandemic is an epidemic that has spread over a large area.
– Choosing or volunteering to isolate out of caution
- Social/Physical Distancing
– Measures that reduce contact between large groups of people
– Strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease
– An infectious agent that replicates only within the cells of living hosts
- Acute respiratory stress syndrome (ARDS)
– condition in which fluid builds up in the air sacs of the lungs. The fluid prohibits the lungs from getting enough air, leading to a deprivation of oxygen in the bloodstream. The condition is often fatal.
– presenting no symptoms of disease. In the case of COVID-19, this means absence of fever, dry cough, sore throat, shortness of breath and body aches, among other less common symptoms. Notably, it is recommended that individuals do not get tested unless they exhibit symptoms because of the risk of false negatives. In other words, most tests will not be accurate unless symptoms are present.
- Case fatality rate
– The ratio of deaths from COVID-19 to the total number of individuals diagnosed with the disease.
- Clinical trial
– research experiments on human participants designed to answer questions about new treatments; in the case of COVID-19 and coronaviruses, the safety and efficacy of a potential vaccine.
- Containment area
– a geographical zone with limited access in or out in an effort to contain an outbreak.
– a family of viruses that include SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) as well as other respiratory illnesses. A coronaviruses, also known as a CoV, is typically spread between animals and humans—an event known as zoonotic transfer—and they are named for the term “corona”—Latin for crown—which refers to the shape of the virus when observed microscopically.
– COVID-19 stands for novel coronavirus disease 2019, which refers to the year of its initial detection. COVID-19 is the illness related to the current pandemic; the illness is caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2).
– a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community or geographic area.
- Epidemic Curve
– a graph or chart depicting the progression of an outbreak in a particular population.
– a branch of medicine which deals largely with public health, including the incidence, distribution, analysis and control of diseases.
- Essential business
– although this definition varies between cities and states based on individual restrictions, essential businesses are those that serve a critical purpose, such as grocery stores, pharmacies, waste collection, health care providers, gas stations, banks, transportation and agriculture services. This contrasts to non- essential businesses, which serve more recreational purposes.
- Flattening the curve
– an attempt to create a more gradual uptick of cases, rather than a steep rise, in an effort to avoid overburdening the health care system all once. Notably, “flattening the curve” does not necessarily decrease the projected number of cases, but spreads them out over a period of time.
- Forehead thermometer
– a device that measures body temperature through hovering near or contact with the forehead rather than traditional insertion.
- Herd immunity
– also known as community immunity, this is the reduction in risk of infection within a population, often because of previous exposure or vaccination.
– an oral drug used to treat malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Its effectiveness in treating patients with COVID-19 disease is still in question.
- Immune surveillance
– the process of monitoring the immune system’s activities, which may include the detection and destruction of foreign substances, cells or tissues.
- Immuno Suppressed
– an individual who experiences reduced efficacy of the immune system as a result of health conditions not related to COVID-19 disease. People who are immuno suppressed are at greater risk for hospitalization and severe sickness from the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
- Incubation period
– the time between when an individual is first exposed to the virus and the appearance of symptoms. A person’s level of contagion before symptoms arise is not known, although most experts believe people are most contagious after they begin exhibiting symptoms.
- Index case
– the first documented case of an infectious disease.
- Index patient
– the first person infected with a disease in an epidemic. Interchangeable with the term “patient zero.”
– a physician who specializes in treating patients who are in intensive care or in intensive care units.
– an emergency measure in which individuals are restricted from certain areas in an attempt to control exposure or transmission of disease. In a lockdown during an epidemic, individuals are encouraged to stay home.
- National emergency
– a state of emergency resulting from the global threat of the pandemic. On March 13, 2020, President Trump issued a national emergency concerning the COVID-19 outbreak, which allowed for loosened restrictions on tele-health as well as certain requirements for hospitals and health care providers to allow them to respond to the crisis.
- Novel coronavirus
– a new strain of coronavirus, or nCoV, that has never been detected in humans.
– a worldwide spread of an infectious disease, with larger reach than an epidemic. Until COVID-19, the last pandemic was the H1N1 influenza outbreak in 2009.
- Patient Zero
– the first individual infected with a disease during an epidemic.
- Person-to-Person Transmission
– when a virus is spread between people, including physical contact or coughing and sneezing. This is in contrast to when a virus is spread via animals or through contaminated objects or surfaces.
- Physical Distancing
– the practice of maintaining greater space between oneself and others and/or avoiding direct contact with other people.
– personal protective equipment, or PPE, is specialized clothing and equipment used as a safeguard against health hazards including exposure to infectious diseases through physical contact or airborne particles. PPE is designed to protect parts of the body typically exposed in normal attire, including the nose, mouth, eyes, hands and feet. Notably, N95 respirators are considered ideal for health care workers who may be exposed to SARS-CoV-2.
– an infected individual who is not yet displaying symptoms of an illness or disease.
- Presumptive Positive Case
– an individual who has tested positive for COVID-19 by a local public health lab, but whose results are awaiting confirmation from the CDC.
– person under investigation, or a PUI, is an individual who is suspected of potentially having COVID-19.
– an investigational antiviral drug that is administered intravenously and inhibits viral replication. It is a promising drug for the treatment of COVID-19 disease and was first developed to treat Ebola.
– a device designed to protect individuals from inhaling something hazardous in the air, in this case, particulate that may be contaminated with the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
– the virus fully defined as “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2” causes the disease COVID-19.
– the act of verifying symptoms and potential exposure before testing for the virus.
- Self Isolation
– the act of separating oneself from others.
- Self Quarantine
– the act of refraining from any contact with other individuals for a period of time in the case of COVID- 19, two weeks to observe whether any symptoms of the disease will arise after potential exposure.
– typically issued by local government, a shelter- in-place asks residents to remain at home and only leave to perform duties deemed essential in an effort to slow transmission of and exposure to the virus.
- Social Distancing
– the act of remaining physically apart in an effort to stem transmission of COVID-19. Social distancing can include a move to remote work, the cancellation of events and remaining at least six feet away from other individuals.
- Spanish Flu
– also known as the 1918 influenza pandemic, this was the most severe pandemic in recent history according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with an estimated 500 million infections and 50 million deaths worldwide. It was caused by an H1N1 virus with genes of an avian origin.
- Super Spreader
– a highly contagious individual who can spread an infectious disease to a large number of uninfected people through a network of contacts.
– showing symptoms of COVID-19, which can include a fever, dry cough, shortness of breath and body aches. Health officials believe the risk of transmitting the virus is highest when an individual is symptomatic.
– a biological preparation of organisms that provides immunity to a particular infectious disease.
– a machine designed to move air in and out of the lungs for a patient who is physically unable to breathe or who is not breathing well. Because COVID-19 can cause severe lower respiratory infection, ventilators are a critical machine for patients with severe disease.
– an abbreviation of “working from home” or “work from home”.
- Community Spread
– the spread of a contagious disease in a geographic area in which there is no knowledge of how someone contracted the disease. In other words, no known contact can be traced to other infected individuals.
- Confirmed Positive Case
– in contrast to a presumptive positive case, this is confirmation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of a positive COVID-19 test in an individual.
- Contact Tracing
– identifying and monitoring people who may have come into contact with an infectious person. In the case of COVID-19, monitoring usually involves self-quarantine as an effort to control the spread of disease
– without contact; for example, “contactless delivery” would include leaving purchased items at the entryway of a home rather than handing it directly to a person.
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