November 27, 2021

HEALTH HYME

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Health, Food and Diseases Related MCQ – Part 2

9 min read

Here, we are providing you with some multiple-choice questions with answers related to Health, Food and Diseases as also discussed in Part 1.

126. Floods hazard health through the spread of

  • Cholera
  • Malaria
  • Influenza
  • Diarrhoea

127. Epilepsy is a disease of the

  • Respiratory system
  • Nervous system
  • Heart
  • Skin

128. Heart disease is mainly caused by the high intake of

  • Cholesterol
  • Sugar
  • Proteins
  • Starch

129. Which of the following is NOT transmitted by mosquitoes?

  • Malaria
  • Dengue
  • Infective hepatitis
  • Filariasis

130. Which of the following is a genetically transmitted disease?

  • Astigmatism
  • Colour blindness
  • Long sight
  • short sight

131. If a person cannot clearly see objects nearer than 75cm from his eyes, which condition of the eye is he suffering from?

  • Astigmatism
  • Colour blindness
  • Myopia
  • Hypermetropia

132. A boy suffers from colour blindness. He has acquired this character from his

  • Father
  • Mother
  • Both father and mother
  • None of these

133. A woman who weighs 45 kg and whose work involves a lot of physical exertion needs about

  • 3500 calories per day
  • 2800 calories per day
  • 3700 calories per day
  • 3000 calories per day

134. Balanced diet may be defined as

  • The diet which is rich in protein and energy
  • The diet which contains all the food substances in correct proportion
  • The diet which has meat, eggs and fats
  • The diet which has low fibre content

135. Amniocentesis is a method for:

  • Determination of foetal health conditions
  • Determination of the amino acid sequence
  • Inducing abortion
  • Artificial insemination

136. The volume of urine produced by an adult human being in 24 hours is

  • 1.00 litre
  • 1.5 litres
  • 3.00 litres
  • 5.00 litres

137. What does human urine contain mainly besides water?

  • Urea
  • Sugar
  • Salt
  • All the above

138. Increase of urea in the blood is due to malfunctioning of

  • Liver
  • Heart
  • Small intestine
  • Kidney

139. Chocolates can be bad for health because of a high content of

  • Cobalt
  • Nickel
  • Zinc
  • Lead

140. Energy is stored in the liver and muscles in the form of

  • Glycogen
  • Starch
  • Fats
  • Cholesterol

141. Which energy is most suitable for living system?

  • Solar
  • Potential
  • Kinetic
  • Chemical

142. Anabolic steroids are used for which of the following?

  • To boost physical energy of sportspersons
  • For the treatment of drug addicts
  • To improve memory
  • To improve functioning of heart of cardiac patients

143. The human body consists mainly of

  • Proteins
  • Water
  • Fats
  • Plasma

144. Bile which helps in the digestion of food, is secreted by

  • Pituitary
  • Stomach
  • Pancreas
  • Liver

145. Bile is stored in the

  • Lungs
  • Kidneys
  • Intestines
  • Gall Bladder

146. Thought, feelings and perception get distorted when one is under the influence of

  • Tranquilisers
  • Hashish
  • Morphine
  • Amphetamines

147. Anthrax is one of the most potent biological weapons of the world. It is spread by a single bacterian called

  • Bacillus thuricide
  • Bacillus anthratun
  • Thiobacillus
  • Bacillus anthracis

148. The centre which regulates the amount of food we eat situated in

  • Stomach
  • Cerebrum
  • Spinal chord
  • Hypothalamus

149. How many pairs of ribs are there in the human body?

  • Twelve
  • Fourteen
  • Thirteen
  • Eleven

150. How many lungs does a human body normally has

  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 1

151. How many sense organs do human beings have?

  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 2

152. Which gland of human body is called ‘Adam’s Apple’?

  • Pituitary
  • Adrenal
  • Thyroid
  • Endocrine

153. The application of the principles of genetics to improvement of human race is known as

  • Eugenics
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Transgenesis

154. ‘Biopsy’ is a

  • Physical study of life in artificial environment
  • Medical diagnositic technique using cells and tissues
  • Examination of body after death to determine the cause of death
  • An assessment of life forms in an environment

155. The outer layer of the skin is called

  • Dermis
  • Epidermis
  • Enidermis
  • Exidermis

156. The operation to sterlize males is called

  • Spermectomy
  • Gametectomy
  • Vasectomy
  • Hysterectomy

157. Which one of the following is responsible for transfer the genetic information from one generation to the new?

  • Codon
  • DNA
  • RNA
  • Messenger RNA

158. DNA finger-printing is the latest technology used in

  • Printing Technology
  • Astrology
  • Forensic Science
  • Microbial Genetics

159. In brain, the site of intelligence, memory and emotion is present in

  • Cerebrum
  • Cerebellum
  • Medulla
  • Hypothalamus

160. Chromosomal abnormalities of an unborn child can be found by a technique called

  • CAT scanning
  • Ultrasound
  • Aminocentesis
  • Genetic engineering

161. Activities of all living cells are controlled by:

  • Chloroplast
  • Nucleus
  • Tonoplast
  • Chromosomes

162. The sex of a child is determined by the

  • Chromosomes of the father
  • Chromosomes of the mother
  • Rh factor of the parents
  • Blood group of the father

163. Which of the following organelles is known as powerhouse of the cell?

  • Lysosomes
  • Ribosomes
  • Nucleus
  • Mitochondria

164. What useful function does the appendix serve in the human body?

  • Blood clotting
  • Blood circulation
  • Kidney health
  • None

165. Which is a balanced diet for children under six months of age?

  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Pulses
  • Milk

166. The most significant ingredient that a body gets through breast feeding is

  • Proteins
  • Antibodies
  • Vitamins
  • Fats

167. The souring of milk is caused by the action of

  • Protozoa
  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • None of these

168. Which of the following is a starchy food?

  • Egg
  • Milk
  • Potato
  • None of these

169. Which is the basic constituent of life?

  • Cell
  • Nucleus
  • Chlorophyll
  • Protoplasm

170. The fat content in milk is reduced during

  • Rainy season
  • Winter
  • Summer
  • Pregnancy

171. During which season our body needs more fats?

  • Summer
  • Rainy season
  • Winter
  • Spring

172. Which of the following is an excretory organ of human body

  • Liver
  • Spleen
  • Heart
  • Kidney

173. Which of the following helps in human digestion?

  • Nitric acid
  • Sulphuric acid
  • Citric acid
  • Peptic acid

174. Digestion of food starts in the

  • Mouth
  • Liver
  • Stomach
  • Intestines

175. Which of the following is related to the digestive system?

  • Prostate
  • Platelets
  • Pituitary
  • Pancreas

176. Saliva converts:

  • Proteins into amino acids
  • Glycogen into maltose
  • Starch into maltose
  • Fats into vitamins

177. Pasteurisation of milk means:

  • Heating of milk to about 100 degree
  • Heating of milk to about 62 degree Celsius
  • Cooling of milk to about 4 degree Celsius
  • Cooling of milk to about 0 degree Celsius

178. Which of the following is the common household sugar?

  • Glucose
  • Galactose
  • Maltose
  • Surcose

179. EEG is related to

  • Brain
  • Heart
  • Eyes
  • Kidneys

180. When does the heart take rest?

  • While you sleep
  • Between beats
  • During stress
  • Never

181. The heart of an adult human being beats about

  • 50 times per minute
  • 72 times per minute
  • 90 times per minute
  • 110 times per minute

182. The heart of a normal adult human being weighs about

  • 200 grams
  • 300 grams
  • 400 grams
  • 500 grams

183. A person suffering from which of the following cannot see with clarity the horizontal and vertical lines simultaneously in a grid?

  • Myopia
  • Hypermetropia
  • Astigmatism
  • Squint

184. The doctor checks the pulse for

  • Temperature
  • Blood pressure
  • Heartbeat
  • Respiration rate

185. The process of respiration is concerned with:

  • Intake of oxygen
  • Liberation of oxygen
  • Liberation of carbon dioxide
  • Liberation of energy

186. Respiratory mechanism is controlled by:

  • Central Nervous System
  • Sympathetic Nervous System
  • Parasympathetic Nervous System
  • Autonomic Nervous System

187. We have four types of teeth. What is the CORRECT order in which they appear in man?

  • Premolar, Molar, Canine, Incisor
  • Insicor, Premolar, Canine, Molar
  • Premolar, Canine, Molar, Incisor
  • Incisor, Canine, Premolar, Molar

188. Wisdom teeth generally appear in the human beings between

  • 17 and 20 years of age
  • 30 and 40 years of age
  • 10 and 17 years of age
  • 4 and 8 years of age

189. Generally a five-year child has how many teeth?

  • 16
  • 18
  • 20
  • 24

190. How many permanent teeth does an adult human being have?

  • 8
  • 16
  • 24
  • 32

191. The strongest muscles in the human body is

  • Thigh
  • Wrist
  • Finger
  • Jaws

192. The total number of muscles in the human body is

  • 525
  • 639
  • 373
  • 547

193. The total number of bones in the human skull are

  • 8
  • 12
  • 30
  • 32

194. Which gland in the human body is called the master gland?

  • Pancreas
  • Thyroid
  • Pituitary
  • Spleen

195. Pituitary gland is present

  • Below the brain
  • Above the brain
  • Inside the brain
  • Nowwhere in the brain

196. Where in the body are the adrenal glands located?

  • Above the kidneys
  • In the brain
  • Below the ears
  • Under the lungs

197. Which one of the following is found in kidney stones?

  • Sodium oxalate
  • Calcium oxalate
  • Sodium chloridz
  • Calcium acetate

198. A person with stones in the kidney is advised to avoid

  • Lemon
  • Vinegar
  • Tomatoes
  • Lentils

199. How many kidneys does a normal human body have?

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

200. At what temperature is the reading the same in both Centigrade and Fahrenheit scales?

  • 98.4 degree
  • 100 degree
  • 100 degree
  • -40 degree

201. The boiling point of water is

  • 90 degree Fahrenheit
  • 100 degree Celsius
  • 110 degree Celsius
  • 120 degree Fahrenheit

202. ‘Euthanasia’ means

  • State of unconsciousness under anaesthesia
  • A post-operative infection
  • A condition beyond reprieve
  • Mercy killing

203. The image formed on the retina of the eye is

  • Real and inverted
  • Virtual and upright
  • Real and enlarged
  • Real and upright

204. The pupil of the eye adjusts automatically for

  • Short distance vision
  • Colour
  • Object of size
  • Amount of light

205. Triple Antigen treatment for children is toward off

  • Whooping cough
  • Tetanus
  • Diphtheria
  • All the above

206. The medicine used to fight plague is

  • Tetracycline
  • Quinine
  • Streptomycin
  • Penicillin

207. Analgesics are used to relieve

  • Fever
  • Pain
  • Nervousness
  • Anxiety

208. Allergy is treated by

  • Analgesics
  • Allergen
  • Antipyretic
  • Antihistamine

209. Insulin controls

  • Iodine level in the thyroid
  • Amount of iron in the blood
  • Level of sugar in the blood
  • Level of urea in the blood

210. Which of these is NOT a kind of fungus?

  • Yeast
  • Mushroom
  • Insulin
  • Ergot

211. BCG is used to prevent

  • Hydrophobia
  • Cancer
  • Neuralgia
  • Tuberculosis

212. DPT vaccination is for immunization against

  • Diphtheria, Pneumonia and Tetanus
  • Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus
  • Diarrhoea, Pneumonia and Tetanus
  • Diphtheria, Pneumonia and Typhoid

213. ATS injection is given to those who have not had any immunisation against

  • Tetanus
  • Tuberculosis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Typhoid

214. Which of the following diseases is detected by the ELISA test?

  • AIDS
  • T.B.
  • Cholera
  • Typhoid

215. A special test for detection of tuberculosis is

  • Widal’s
  • Kahn’s
  • Montoux’
  • Rebert’s

216. Radium is used to cure which disease?

  • Cancer
  • Bright’s disease
  • Haemophilia
  • Typhoid

217. Which one of the following controls the amount of light entering the eye?

  • Cornea
  • Iris
  • Lens
  • Retina

218. In human body, quantity of water is about

  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 65%
  • 80%

219. Acupuncture is a technique

  • To correct a tube puncture
  • To subside the pain
  • To cure certain diseases eg. arthritis, Rheumatism etc.
  • For operation and removal of a body part

220. Acupuncture as a form of anaesthesia is common in

  • Russia
  • India
  • Japan
  • China

221. Which part of the body is affected by arthritis?

  • Heart
  • Spinal Cord
  • Brain
  • Joints

222. Which was the first country whose scientists succeeded in fertilizing the human embryo in the test-tube?

  • USA
  • Russia
  • UK
  • Japan

223. Genetics is the study of

  • Cell Division
  • Reproduction
  • Mutations
  • Mechanism of inheritance

224. Neurology is a science of this system:

  • Skeletal system
  • Alimentary system
  • Circulatory system
  • Nervous system

225. Physiology is the study of the

  • Structure of the body
  • Cells in the body
  • Functions of the human body
  • All of the above

226. The normal temperature of the human body is

  • 36.9 degree celsius
  • 98.6 degree celsius
  • 50.8 degree celsius
  • 47.6 degree celsius

227. ‘Ayurveda’ literally means the

  • Science of healing
  • Science of life
  • Treatise on health
  • Book of cures

228. The branch of science dealing with the study of human skin is called

  • Pathology
  • Physiology
  • Anatomy
  • Dermatology

229. Which of the following aids in controlling body temperature?

  • Brain
  • Skin
  • Nails
  • Stomach

230. A cardiogram is used to trace the

  • Growth of plants
  • Functioning of lungs
  • Functioning of the heart
  • Defect in the small intestine

231. Foetus development in women’s womb can be ascertained by

  • CAT scanning
  • PTT scanning
  • Sonography
  • None of above

232. The function of a pacemaker is

  • Regulation of urine formation
  • Regulation of digestion
  • Initiation of heartbeat
  • Initiation of respiration

233. A clone is a colony of

  • Cells having different shapes
  • Cells having similar shapes
  • Cells having similar genetic constitutions
  • Cells having different genetic constitutions

234. As a person becomes older, his blood pressure generally

  • Decreases sharply
  • Increases
  • Varies widely
  • Remains the same

235. A normal human being has blood pressure

  • 100/200
  • 100/90
  • 120/80
  • 90/70

236. The metal compound commonly found in Sindhoor or kumkum is based on

  • Tin
  • Lead
  • Copper
  • Zinc

237. If a cobra bites a human being, the system affected by the venom of the cobra would be the

  • Nervous system
  • Respiratory system
  • Excretory system
  • Digestive system

238. Mosquitoes identify human bodies by

  • Sight
  • Odour
  • Instinct
  • Heat radiated

239. The effect of hormones on the body is

  • Stimulation of organs
  • Catalytic functions
  • Proper growth
  • Coordination of functions of different organs

240. In human body what connects muscles to the bones?

  • Ligaments
  • Tendon
  • Cartilage
  • Muscles

241. Where in the body is the thyroid gland?

  • Chest
  • Stomach
  • Throat
  • Neck

242. Which pigment imparts colour to the human skin?

  • Keratin
  • Melanin
  • Haemoglobin
  • Bile

243. Filtration of wastes from the blood in human body is done by the

  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Kidneys
  • Intestines

244. The organ that filters bacteria and foreign particles from the blood in human beings is

  • Heart
  • Thymus
  • Spleen
  • Liver

245. The Polio virus enters the body through

  • Mosquito bites
  • Tick bites
  • Contaminated food and water
  • Saliva and secretion from the nose

246. Which of the following enters the human body through skin?

  • Tapeworm
  • Hookworm
  • Ringworm
  • Threadworm

247. The total number of vertebrae in man is

  • 30
  • 31
  • 32
  • 33

248. To make a movement we need muscles. How many?

  • 2
  • 1
  • 4
  • 5

249. Muscles make up a part of a person’s body weight. How much?

  • 20 per cent
  • 30 per cent
  • 40 per cent
  • 50 per cent

250. Excessive intake of polished rice causes deficiency of

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin K

Stay tuned with HealthHyme.com for more MCQs.

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